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GOD AND SCIENCE ARE NOT ENEMIES  - PART II

 

A bit more from the book I read recently – “The Case for a Creator” by Lee Strobel. In my last post, I quoted some of the scientific evidence contained in the book for the universe being caused by something.

 

 In the arena of physics, something called the Anthropic Principle points to not only a cause, but to intelligent design of the universe. The book says “all the seemingly arbitrary and unrelated constants in physics have one strange thing in common – these are precisely the values you would need if you want to have a universe capable of producing life.” The probability of all these values occurring by chance are so huge that they boggle the mind.

 

For example, the force of gravity is precisely set to allow life – a breathtaking image given in the book, is that of a massive ruler that is the length of the whole universe, and is marked out in inches. The length of the ruler represents the range of force strengths existing in nature. Gravity is quite weak, while the strong nuclear force is 10 thousand billion billion billion billion times stronger. Increase the force of gravity by just one of those gazillions of inches on the intergalactic ruler, and life would not be supportable.

 

The cosmological constant, or the energy density of empty space, has to be fine-tuned – too strong, and matter would be repulsed so strongly that galaxies, stars, planets could not be formed – too weak, and the big bang would have been quickly reversed as all matter became subject to an immense attractive force. The fine tuning is estimated to be 1 part in 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000!!!

 

In physics, a phase space is a space in which all possible states of a system are represented, with each possible state of the system corresponding to one unique point in the phase space. The original phase space is the phase space for the properties of the universe immediately after The Big Bang. Eminent physicist Roger Penrose estimates that the accuracy required to fine tune the original phase space to the conditions that actually existed (and which went on to support life) is 1 part in 10,000,000,000^123. He goes on to say you can’t even write that number out in full – there are more zeroes in it than there are particles in the universe!

 

There are many more constants that need to be precisely tuned to an accuracy that, even taken in isolation, seriously challenge the idea of our universe being created by random chance.

 

As I said last time, there is no proof of the existence of God. Personally, having read this book and others by both Christian and atheist authors, neither do I see any proof of the non-existence of God. I am fascinated by the wonder of our universe and the beauty of our planet, and reading about all these conditions that need to be set just so, strengthens my faith. The apostle Paul wrote: “For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities – his eternal power and divine nature – have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse.” Romans 1:20.

 

God bless,

Chris

 

 

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